The first proposal was made by Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (reigned 1520–1566).His architect Mimar Sinan was said to have devised plans for the project. On March 6, 1591, during the reign of Sultan Murad III, an imperial ferman (order) was issued and work on the project recommenced, but again for unknown reasons the project was stopped.The city's other, smaller, international airport is Sabiha Gökçen International Airport.As of February 2017, 273 destinations are served from Istanbul-Atatürk, making it the airport with the second-most destinations worldwide after Frankfurt Airport. In the 1980s, it was renamed Istanbul Atatürk International Airport in honour of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey.Below is the passenger data and development for Istanbul Atatürk Airport (only) for the years 2002–2017: IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 million international passengers.It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 million passengers in 2011.Domestic Terminal is the older and smaller of the two terminals and exclusively handles domestic flights within Turkey.Until the opening of the International Terminal, it used to be the airport's international terminal.
Sultan Mustafa III (reigned 1757–1774) tried twice in 1760 but the project could not go ahead due to economic problems.
Kanal İstanbul aims to minimise shipping traffic in the Istanbul Strait.
The project is intended for the 100th anniversary in 2023 of the foundation of the Turkish Republic.
Domestic Terminal features its own check-in and airside facilities on the upper floor that lead to twelve departure gates (101-112) which are equipped with jet bridges.
The International Terminal was inaugurated in 2000 and is used for all international flights.