Music in the Zhou Dynasty was conceived as a cosmological manifestation of the sound of nature integrated into the binary universal order of yin and yang, and this concept has enduring influence later Chinese thinking on music.
"Correct" music according to Zhou concept would involve instruments correlating to the five elements of nature and would bring harmony to nature.
The Kuomintang tried to sponsor modern music adoptions via the Shanghai Conservatory of Music despite the ongoing political crisis.
Twentieth-century cultural philosophers like Xiao Youmei, Cai Yuanpei, Feng Zikai and Wang Guangqi wanted to see Chinese music adopted to the best standard possible.
In subsequent dynasties, the development of Chinese music was influenced by the musical traditions of Central Asia which also introduced elements of Indian music..
(It is based on this conjecture that Van Aalst dates the "Entrance Hymn for the Emperor" to c.
1000 BC.) Through succeeding dynasties over thousands of years, Chinese musicians developed a large assortment of different instruments and playing styles.
The word "dance" (舞) similarly also refers to music, and every dance would have had a piece of music associated with it.
The most important set of music of the period was the Six-dynasty Music Dance (六代樂舞) performed in rituals in the royal court.